Tenkara rods did not get to be the way they are by accident. Over hundreds of years they have evolved from simple bamboo poles to the modern ultralight high-tech carbon fiber telescopic rods we use today. They are designed specifically for fly fishing small streams.
Because the line is tied to the rod tip, the rods have no guides and no reel seats. People might think cane pole or crappie rod but tenkara rods can cast an unweighted fly with a very light line and protect a very light tippet, something neither a cane pole nor a crappie rod could do. And if that wasn't difference enough, they weigh just a few ounces and collapse to a very compact length.
Similarly, they are on a completely different level than the telescopic crappie poles that they vaguely resemble. Before I could buy a real tenkara rod, I bought quite a few crappie poles trying to find a good substitute. They just aren't the same. The action is different, and the quality is in another league.
Actually, they are quite a bit different from fly rods as well. Beyond the lack of guides and reel seat, the most obvious difference is that the rods are telescopic rather than having ferrules like a fly rod. This allows the rod to collapse down to between 15 and 26 inches, depending on the model. The small size and light weight makes them a great choice for backpackers, for whom every ounce counts.
There has been an ongoing controversy in the US - ever since I imported the first Soyokaze - about what exactly is a tenkara rod. Personally, I think that is the wrong question to ask. Rather than ask what is a tenkara rod, a better question is what rod is best suited to the type of fishing you want to do. It might very well be a tenkara rod, but then again, depending on the type of fishing you want to do either a keiryu rod or a seiryu rod might be a better choice.
My eyes were opened to other rods and the other possibilities when I got my first Soyokaze rod, which I had actually purchased for micro fishing - targeting very small fish. The first time I used the rod, however, I discovered it could cast a size 3 tenkara line absolutely beautifully, and handled a 10" wild brown trout as if that was what it was made for. Since then, lots of people have bought Soyokaze rods, and they are as convinced as I was that the rod works beautifully for tenkara fishing in small streams.
The Soyokaze has been discontinued by Daiwa and is no longer available. I have since discovered other small stream rods that are much nicer than the Soyokaze. These are seiryu rods. They are used in Japan to catch smaller fish in more placid streams. The 290cm ones (9'8") are just ideal for the smaller trout you find in the headwaters - little brookies or cutthroats or rainbows, depending on where you live. The rods are almost unbelievably light and unbelievably sensitive. Longer ones are great for sunfish, whether in ponds or in warm water streams. There are a lot of small fish that aren't trout but are a lot of fun to catch. One of my most memorable catches - and best fights - was a 7" creek chub caught on seiryu rod. It's all about matching the tackle to the fish.
And just as there are rods that are more appropriate for small fish than tenkara rods, there are rods that are better than tenkara rods for big fish in big water. Keiryu rods tend to be stiffer than tenkara rods and many are considerably longer as well. The greater length is better for big water, the greater backbone is better for big fish. Some, though by no means all, have much stiffer tips and midsections than tenkara rods, and are thus better for fishing weighted nymphs.
It's hard to get a hookset when the fly is deep and the rod is soft. Tenkara rods need the soft tip to cast a light line, and they are designed for fishing unweighted wet flies a few inches under the surface. Keiyru rods are designed for casting split shot and need to be able to hook fish when bouncing a fly or bait along the bottom. Keiryu rods are used for bait fishing in Japan but most people in the US use them for fishing heavily weighted nymphs or big streamers.
Here in the US, we've come a long way in a few short years. There are a lot more choices available. At first all you could buy were tenkara rods, and that is all anyone wanted. It's all they knew about. People have since learned that tenkara rods are specialized enough - optimized for fishing unweighted wet flies in small mountain streams - that if you are fishing somewhere else, or some other way, a keiryu rod or a seiryu rod might actually be a more appropriate choice.
Even within tenkara rods, now that premium rods are available from top Japanese companies such as Daiwa, Shimano, and tenkara rods that are actually made in Japan by Nissin or Tenryu, you owe it to yourself to at least consider them.
Over the last couple years, a lot of small companies have sprung up and are offering tenkara rods - in some cases the very same rod with a different name and paint job. Some I've fished with and some I haven't, but I can assure you that there is a big difference between a rod designed and built by a Japanese company with a long history of making tenkara rods and a rod bought by a startup company over the internet from an outfit in China that has been making tenkara rods for only a few years. Even the best known US company has only been making rods (in China) for a few years. Tenkara is a traditional Japanese fishing style, it only makes sense to buy from companies that grew up with that tradition.
Japanese anglers can buy rods from all over the world. Sage and Scott fly rods are quite popular in Japan. They could buy tenkara rods from American companies, and they certainly would if the rods were better than the Japanese rods. They don't because they aren't. They buy tenkara rods from Japanese companies.
If you want the best, follow the tradition. Go to the source.
Please click on the links or the photos to go to pages with detailed write-ups and Add to Cart buttons for the rods.
The Suntech TenkaraBum 36 is the first tenkara rod designed by an American tenkara angler in collaboration with a Japanese rod company. It is made in Japan by Suntech and is sold in Japan as well as in the US. Designed to be better at fishing weighted nymphs than the average tenkara rod, it also handles dries and unweighted wets just as well.
The TenkaraBum 40 is emerging as an excellent rod for Tactical Nymphing, which is a blending of tenkara and European nymphing styles.
The TenkaraBum Traveler 39 and 44 are extremely versatile rods. Throw one in a travel bag and be ready for a wide variety of fishing locales and conditions. The TenkaraBum Traveler 27 is a specialty rod for fishing streams too small for the shortest length setting of the Traveler 39. It is one rod for multiple small streams - whether they hold 4" brookies or 14" browns. Don't leave home without 'em.
No other company has a rod like this one. The Suntech Kurenai HM30R is just under 10' and just under 1 oz. You will not find a rod that is more fun for the little brookies, 'bows, browns and cuts that live in the thin blue lines.
For fishing unweighted or very lightly weighted flies on a light line. Optimized for high gradient small to medium streams and 8-20" fish (depending on the rod).
In Japan, the Honryu are the rivers, much larger than the mountain streams. Honryu Tenkara is fishing in larger rivers with longer rods and longer lines. Much, though certainly not all Honryu Tenkara is fishing in bank eddies on the far side of the stream, holding long lines above the intervening fast current. The rods are 4 to 4.5m and the lines can be up to 10m long.
Basically, the long rods and long lines are used to fish spots to which you cannot wade close enough to reach with shorter rods and shorter lines.
I have seen YouTube videos of Japanese anglers fishing in large rivers with the Daiwa Rinfu 45 (discontinued) and the Daiwa Sagiri 45, both of which are seiryu rods. Given the size of the fish that could be hooked in the larger rivers in the US, I wouldn't recommend Honryu Tenkara with seiryu rods unless you know there aren't fish larger than perhaps 16".
Often called "hae" rods in Japan, these are very light rods for smaller fish, used primarily in quieter streams. They are ideal for smaller trout in headwaters streams. Longer seiryu rods excellent for sunfish in ponds and lakes. They also make very nice micro fishing rods.
Some tenkara anglers in Japan use seiryu rods for their tenkara fishing. If you would like a very light, very sensitive rod for modest trout, definitely take a look at the seiryu rods.
Keiryu fishing in Japan is done with extremely light lines, split shot and a live nymph taken from the stream you are fishing. It is the ultimate in matching the hatch, and is very effective. Of course, a simple old worm is also very effective.
Because Keiryu rods are designed to fish with weight on the line, they are also effective for fishing with weighted nymphs. In general, they are better than tenkara rods for fishing bead head flies. Most are much longer than tenkara rods. Most of the keiryu rods at TenkaraBum.com will cast a tenkara line well, but in Japan anglers use Honryu Tenkara rods when fishing longer lines in bigger water rather than keiryu rods.
Fly fishing for carp has been a big thing for years now. It was only natural to try it with tenkara rods. Carp break tenkara rods. Keiryu rods are better, but they're still trout rods. Carp rods do exist, and I don't mean hera rods, designed to catch herabuna, which don't get over about 3.5 pounds. I mean rods designed to catch common carp. Now that the right rods are available, please don't break any more tenkara rods.
Almost from the very beginning, and certainly from the first Fly Fishing Show at which I had a booth, people have been asking me for steelhead rods. I finally have one (Suntech finally made one).
It seems everyone who gets a tenkara rod tries Czech nymphing with it. Most tenkara rods are too soft, particularly in the tip and midsection. A stiffer rod will not only get better hook sets, it will transmit rather than absorb the ticks when your nymph hits a rock or when a fish hits your nymph. For years, I recommended fairly stiff keiryu rods for fishing weighted nymphs. I have since changed my views and now recommend the TenkaraBum 33, 36, or 40 for all around nymphing.
Most tenkara and keiryu rods are suitable for backpacking, but there are a few rods that collapse to a length that easily fits in even a modest daypack. The Nissin Pocket Mini and Tenkara Mini are the shortest when collapsed, but also the most delicate. The Suntech Genryuko and Daiwa Keiryu-X are more robust, but are pretty stiff rods. The Shimano Pack Tenkara is nice for smaller streams, but shorter than you would want for fishing alpine lakes.
The Tenryu Furaibo TF39TA is clearly the best for tenkara fishing, but is also the most expensive. Backpacking rods truly illustrate that every rod is a compromise. You have to give up something to get a short collapsed length (although with the TF39TA you only give up more money).
Headwaters rods are designed for very small streams, perhaps brushy or very overgrown, and for the smaller fish you will find there. Not all are tenkara rods but all are light, sensitive rods very well suited to fishing the headwaters.
Tanago rods are only for very small fish - minnows, shiners, dace, darters, etc. that are not skittish - you can't cast far with a 5' rod. The shorter seiryu rods are just ideal for micro fishing.
A shorter, lighter weight rod is best for teaching kids tenkara. Over the years I have carried several rods that would be suitable for kids. Currently, the Shimotsuke Tenkara Gen 270 appears to be the best choice.
Tenkara rods are telescopic because they have to be. If you catch an unexpectedly large fish and it heads for the next county, you don't want your rod to come apart and the tip section to follow the fish. Also, eventually you will snag your fly at the extreme end of your cast or back cast, at a point where you cannot even reach the line to pull on. In that case, all you can do is pull straight back on the rod. If the rod had ferrules and one of them came apart, you could lose your rod tip.
Both of those scenarios also illustrate why you must use a light tippet. Do not fish with tippet stronger than 5 lb breaking strength (4x or 5x depending on the brand of tippet). The rods are very good at protecting light tippets, and light tippets are necessary to protect the rods. In the case of the snag described above, pulling back on the rod will tend to jam the rod segments together, and a light tippet will help prevent them from getting so tight that you can't collapse the rod. Collapsing the rod is the cause of most broken tenkara rods, as the last few segments are delicate. That's why I feel so strongly that all tenkara anglers should have a Tip Grip - so strongly that I am giving them away.
Some rods have been broken when an angler gets the fly snagged and then tries to jerk it out (or does an aggressive hook set on what ends up being a snag). The quick jerk (as opposed to the steady pull of a fish) puts a strain on the rod for which it wasn't designed. Treated with care, the rods are quite durable, and the breakage rate has been much lower than I had anticipated.
Please read the Short Course on Telescopic Rods. It could save your rod - or your life for that matter.
Tenkara rods are not grouped by line weight like fly rods. Instead most are given a rating such as 5:5, 6:4 and 7:3. Although all tenkara rods have soft tip sections and much stiffer butt sections, the ratings give an idea of where the softer sections transition into the stiffer sections. It is not specifically 6 sections are stiff and 4 are soft, because most tenkara rods don't actually have 10 sections. It's more of a percentage split, like 50/50, or 60/40 (60 percent of the rod is stiffer and 40 percent is softer). It is a trap to think that a 7:3 rod is stiffer than a 5:5 rod. The rating is a measure of where the rod bends, not how much force is require to bend the rod.
If you've ever taken a rod and just wiggled it, you've seen the butt section move to the left while the tip moves to the right, then the butt moves to the right and the tip moves to the left. There is a point on the rod that is stationary, the point where the tip section goes one way and the butt section goes the other. On a 7:3 rod, that point is closer to the rod tip than on a 6:4 rod, and it's closer to the tip on a 6:4 rod than on a 5:5 rod.
Unfortunately, the rating system is of little use to rod buyers. Not all tenkara rod manufacturers use it, and among those that do there is no standard so a 7:3 rod from one manufacturer can be very, very different from a 7:3 produced by another manufacturer. It is a guideline at best. I have tried to further the discussion of tenkara rod ratings with the Common Cents Database and my "What is a 7:3?" essay.
Rethinking Rod Choice
Rethinking Rod Choice II - A Softer Rod for Bass
Rethinking Rod Choice III - Many
Why I sell Rods That Aren't Tenkara Rods
Tenkara with a "tanago rod?"
It's all about the fishing
Lillian Knot - To Knot or Not to Knot
|On many of the rod pages you will see testimonials. Not one was solicited. Not one was written by a blogger who was given a rod in return for a writing a testimonial.
To be sure, some were written by bloggers, but at TenkaraBum, bloggers are customers just like you. They aren't considered part of the marketing department, and they pay the same price for a rod that you do.
The testimonials are not about creating marketing "buzz" but to allow actual buyers who liked the rods to share their views.
Chris Stewart, Tenkara Bum
|I must say I love it when the manager of a fly shop that carries competing tenkara rods buys a Japanese made rod from me. I'm sure he could get a big discount if he bought what his shop sells. He knows their products inside and out, and buys mine instead (at full price). To me that says a lot.
Chris Stewart, Tenkara Bum
|Thanks Chris. You have the best rods in the US.
Fred L, New Jersey
|Unbelievable service. I ordered a rod Friday night, Sunday was Easter. The rod arrived Monday morning with a hand written note.
Phil E, Arizona
|Wow! Thank you so much for the quick turn-around. I never thought the rod and materials would be here sooooo soon...two days! The other rod from the other place took over a week...now I have an excuse to go fishing THIS weekend...hahahaha!
The rod is beautiful and I can't wait to use it. I also really like the "Read Me First" instructions: nice blend of humor and very practical advice I had not heard about...until you. I love your personal touch in number 5...thanks and noted!!
John B, Georgia