Micro fishing hooks are either hooks specifically designed for small fish, like the tanago hooks used in Japan, or fly tying hooks intended for very small flies but useful for very small fish as well.
The tanago hooks are specifically designed for fish that have very tiny mouths. The size of the tanago hooks, but even more the shape of the hooks, makes them much more effective for extremely small fish - particularly when fishing the way they do for tanago - with a small float, a very small weight and an even smaller bait.
I have caught shiners, dace, chubs, fallfish, trout, bass and sunfish on tanago hooks and on midge hooks. The tanago hooks are better if you plan to fish with bait and the midge hooks are better if you plan to fly fish for micros.
Midge hooks are very well suited to fly fishing for micros. If you fish for micros with bait, the tanago hooks have a much better shape and can catch much smaller fish.
The Varivas 2300 Ultra Midge hooks are the smallest I carry. Currently I have them in size 28 and 30. They are well suited to tying extremely small soft hackles or Stewart Black Spiders using the small feathers found on a starling neck. I would suggest Veevus 16/0 thread. The hackle and thread are all you need. There are many, many midge patterns that you can find online, but I have not found micros to be very selective.
Box of 30 hooks
Although the size 20 Varivas hooks are midge hooks (says so right on the package), that's not how I use them. I don't use them for micros, either. At this point, the Varivas 2300 Ultra Midge size 20 hooks are my "go to" keiryu hook! They are the best hook I have found for fishing red wigglers.
Red wigglers are small, skinny worms - small enough that most people on the various worm farming Facebook groups say they aren't good for fishing. However, they say that because they're worm farmers, not fishermen. They read somewhere that fishermen prefer nightcrawlers, so they dutifully recommend that people raise European Nightcrawlers if they want worms for fishing.
Personally, I think red wigglers are the perfect worm for fishing specifically because they ARE small. They are small enough that trout can easily take the whole worm in one bite. Thus, there is much less chance that a fish can bite the part of a worm that doesn't have a hook in it.
A lot of people who don't normally fish with worms try to thread the entire worm onto the hook. They end up with a balled up mass that looks nothing like a worm. When a worm gets washed into a stream from rainwater or a crumbling bank, they don't hold still. They wriggle. A worm threaded entirely on a hook can't wriggle.
Red wigglers are too small to thread onto a hook, but there is a way to hook them that 1) is much easier, 2) allows them to wriggle enticingly, and 3) increases the chance that a fish taking the worm also takes the hook.
I hook a red wiggler once, crossways, in the middle of the worm. The hook is small enough that the fish doesn't notice it until it is too late. The hook is large enough to hook and hold pretty well.
Of course, a size 20 hook will also work well for many micros, and for many midges. It's actually a very versatile hook.
Box of 30 hooks
The Daiichi 1110 hooks in sizes 26 for the smallest fish, and size 20 for larger micros, small sunfish and small trout are very well suited to tying black or white Killer Buggers. The black is closer to what the fish actually eat, but the white is easier to see when sight fishing. I have fished them with and without bead heads, but I generally use bead heads to make sure the fly penetrates the surface tension.
I have also had luck with Stewart Black Spiders tied on the Daiichi 1110 hooks.
The only time I have found micros to be selective regarding flies is with the Killer Buggers. The fly has to have a tail! When fishing with a Killer Bug (no tail) instead of Killer Bugger (with tail) my catch rate went way down. The tail does not have to be more than 2 or 3 or 4 marabou feather barbs, but it has to be there (at least in my experience).
Daiichi 1110 size 26
Stewart Black Spider
Daiichi 1110 size 26
bead head black Killer Bugger
I am often asked which hook is the smallest. It can be a bit confusing, since both Owner and Gamakatsu have hooks named "Smallest" (rough translation). In a sense, though the question misses the point. The point is the point (the hook point, that is). People just assume that a fish takes the whole hook into it's mouth, so they want to use a small hook to catch small fish.
The unusual shapes for tanago hooks, though, are because the fish doesn't take the whole hook into its mouth! The only part of the tanago hook that matters is the point. That is the only part of the hook that tanago (which have very small mouths) take. The extreme bend is to keep the hook shank out of the way!
The key, then, is how long is the point. A shorter hook point can be taken by a smaller fish. The Gamakatsu "Ultimate" has the shortest point of the hooks I carry. However, the point is short enough that it may not hold with larger fish. The Gamakatsu Ultimate really is designed for the smallest of fish.
Midge hooks were designed for small flies, but they were also designed
for large fish. The gape is small because it is a small hook overall,
but the length of the hook point is too great for the smallest fish. This is particularly true if the hook is hanging vertically, as it would if you are fishing under a float.
In Japan, where people fish for small fish, they use hooks specifically designed for catching small fish. And by small fish, I mean really small fish. There seems to be a general goal to catch a fish that will fit on a 1 yen coin. A 1 yen coin is 20 mm in diameter - about 3/4". The hooks used to catch these small fish have a very different shape than fly hooks. Although the overall length of the tanago hook is longer than the smallest fly hooks, the point of the hook (which is the only part the fish takes into its mouth) is much shorter.
The hooks are shaped so that the point of the hook is taken into the fish's mouth and the hook is set with the slightest tightening of the line. These are bait hooks, and you only need enough bait to cover the point of the hook - either the smallest bit of worm or a tiny bit of dough. When my wife was a girl, she fished for tanago with a single grain of rice for bait. With these hooks even an eighth of a grain would do.
Tanago hooks are available both loose and snelled. Snelled hooks are not popular in the US but the tanago hooks do not have eyes. Thus, if you do not buy them snelled you'll have to snell them yourself. The Stonfo Hook Tyer does make snelling the hooks easier, though.
The only complaints I hear on the various micro fishing forums about the snelled hooks is that it is difficult to tie the very thin snell onto their main line. That is the reason I carry the "tippet connectors" which I highly recommend. They make attaching the snelled hook to your line quick and easy. Try them!
I have packages of both loose and snelled tanago hooks but you get more hooks if you buy them loose rather than snelled. The Owner snelled hooks have a 45cm snell, almost 18", of red mono (Japanese line size .3, which is equivalent in diameter to 8X). The Gamakatsu snells are shorter.Owner New Half Moon
Back by request. The loose hooks are considerably less expensive, at 21 hooks for $4.50 compared to 9 hooks for $4.00 for the snelled version.
Just like there's more than one shape of fly fishing hooks, there's more
than one one shape of tanago hooks. The Owner "Smallest" hook has a more extreme bend (to keep the hook shank out of the way), but appears to have a slightly shorter point.
I think this is the shape that the extreme hard core tanago fishermen grind down with a microscope and jewelers' files, shortening the point even further, so that it can be taken by the smallest of fish.Owner Smallest
Truly hard core Japanese tanago anglers grind down the points of their hooks with jewelers' tools and microscopes so that the hook points are short enough to fit in the mouth of an extremely small fish.
The Gamakatsu "Ultimate" tanago hook was created to eliminate the need to grind down hooks. The hook point is less than a millimeter long.
The hooks are snelled although they are snelled to thread rather than mono. The snells are about 1.25" long and end in a loop for easier attachment to your line or tippet.
I see these hooks as a specialty item - a niche within a niche. For many fish, even many micros, they are actually a bit too small. If you are just getting started micro fishing, I would suggest the Owner hooks instead. These hooks truly are for the smallest of the small. For even slightly larger fish (certainly the fish that most people catch) the other tanago hooks will hold better. For juveniles, or for the smallest species, or that fish that fits on a penny, these are the hooks to use, though.
They are not cheap at $7.50 per package of 5 hooks, but then again, microscopes and jeweler's tools aren't cheap either. Besides, if a smaller hook is the only thing that stands in the way of catching a species you've spent hours planning and traveling to catch, a $7.50 pack of hooks may be one of the smallest but most important expenditures for the entire trip.Gamakatsu "Ultimate" Tanago Hooks, 5 hooks - $7.50
This is definitely a case where something got lost in translation. The Gamakatsu "Smallest" tanago hook, on the right, is much larger than the Owner "Smallest" hook and much, much larger than the Gamakatsu "Ultimate" hook. It's not so much the size of the hook itself, it is the length of the point.
The whole point (pardon the pun) of the Ultimate hook is that the smallest fish have very small mouths and can't take a hook with a long point. The Ultimate hook has a very short hook point, producing in a factory hook what obsessed Japanese tanago anglers do at home with a microscope and jewelers' files.
Gamakatsu "Smallest" and Green Sunfish
However, one thing that I've found from my own micro fishing is that most of the fish I catch don't have such tiny little mouths. (Maybe I only catch the easy ones.) Most shiners and chubs and young sunfish can pretty easily take a larger hook. In fact, the hooks with extremely short points don't hold "larger" fish as well as some micro fishermen would like.
A "larger" fish might be 3.5 inches as opposed to 1.5 inches, but it turns out that the Gamakatsu "smallest" hook is pretty well suited to catching, and holding, the larger micros. It is very well suited for catching small sunfish.
For that matter, it looks enough like a scud hook that I'm going to try tying some tiny flies on them.
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